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Where Did The Swedes Go?
The Causes of Swedish Immigration and
Settlement Patterns in America

© 2005 Rickie Lazzerini

Page 2

Historical Review 2.1   
     The fear of continued hardships in Sweden, the allure of bountiful amounts of farmland in America, the draw of superior wages, and the reassurance of religious liberty worked hand in hand with encouraging letters from Swedes already in America, reports of gold, and the promise of freedom created a constant flow of Swedish immigration that lasted well beyond the turn of the 20th century. Over one million Swedish immigrants entered this country, primarily between the years of 1840 and 1914. Only Norway and Ireland have experienced higher emigration.(8) So where did they all go?

Table 1: Swedish Born Population per State/Territory, 1850-1930 (9)
 
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
Alabama
51
155
105
119
294
488
766
748
638
Arizona
1
---
7
106
168
342
928
859
778
Arkansas
---
25
134
211
338
355
395
331
249
California
162
1,405
1,994
4,209
10,923
14,549
27,980
31,925
41,734
Colorado
---
27
180
2,172
9,659
10,765
12,855
10,112
8,328
Connecticut
13
42
323
2,086
10,021
16,164
18,726
17,697
18,453
Dakota Territory
---
---
380
3,177
---
---
---
---
---
Delaware
2
8
9
70
246
302
332
316
294

Washington DC

5
16
22
51
128
234
361
481
435
Florida
33
31
30
231
529
561
732
1,399
2,145
Georgia
11
37
3
138
191
204
285
209
266
Idaho
---
---
91
823
1,524
2,822
5,126
5,112
4,200
Illinois
1,128
6,470
29,979
42,415
86,514
99,147
116,127
105,577
111,016
Indiana
16
829
2,180
8,121
4,512
4,673
5,128
4,942
4,666
Iowa
231
1,465
10,796
17,559
30,276
29,875
26,793
22,493
16,810
Kansas
---
122
4,954
11,207
17,096
15,144
13,351
10,337
7,315
Kentucky
29
43
112
95
184
222
191
214
170
Louisiana
249
193
358
270
328
359
359
522
433
Maine
55
74
91
988
1,704
1,935
2,247
2,026
1,182
Maryland
57
48
100
177
305
347
431
630
764
Massachusetts
253
685
1,384
2,756
18,624
32,192
41,261
38,012
36,810
Michigan
16
266
2,406
9,412
27,306
26,956
28,667
24,707
23,905
Minnesota
4
3,178
20,987
39,176
99,913
115,476
214,443
112,117
90,623
Mississippi
14
21
970
302
305
303
293
347
206
Missouri
37
239
2,302
3,174
5,602
5,692
5,703
4,741
3,895
Montana
---
---
141
280
3,771
5,346
6,712
7,179
5,655
Nebraska
---
---
2,332
10,164
28,364
24,693
23,287
18,821
14,335
Nevada
---
41
217
317
314
278
765
545
443
New Hampshire
12
20
42
131
1,210
2,032
2,081
1,886
1,608
New Jersey
34
88
554
1,622
4,159
7,337
10,909
10,675
13,360
New Mexico
---
8
6
39
149
244
374
310
268
New York
753
1678
5,522
11,164
28,430
42,708
55,739
53,025
61,233
North Carolina
9
9
88
24
51
68
113
170
160
North Dakota
---
---
---
---
5,583
8,417
12,236
10,543
8,470
Ohio
55
117
252
1,186
2,712
3,951
5,504
7,266
7,390
Oklahoma
---
---
---
---
138
494
1,033
931
835
Oregon
2
56
205
983
3,774
4,555
10,982
10,532
11,032
Pennsylvania
133
448
2,266
7,575
19,346
24,130
23,787
19,847
16,452
Rhode Island
17
33
106
776
3,392
6,072
7,508
6,542
6,181
South Carolina
29
38
60
63
60
65
96
133
106
South Dakota
---
---
---
---
7,746
8,647
10,039
8,573
6,540

Tennessee

8
32
349
251
332
337
367
305
232
Texas
48
153
364
1,293
2,806
4,388
4,747
4,536
4,017
Utah
1
196
1,790
3,750
5,986
7,025
7,721
6,073
4,389
Vermont
---
1
83
68
870
1,020
1,380
1,123
1,089
Virginia
16
57
30
49
215
218
372
664
467
Washington
---
33
158
648
10,272
12,737
34,179
34,793
34,084
West Virginia
---
---
5
21
72
132
283
326
86
Wisconsin
88
673
2,799
8,138
20,157
26,196
26,942
28,896
18,808
Wyoming
---
---
109
249
1,357
1,727
2,519
2,042
1,783
Total
3,567
18,625
97,307
192,337
477,956
571,926
683,158
631,490
594,333
By Rickie Lazzerini
Historian

BA History
University of California, Santa Barbara

Index of Historical Reviews

2005 Rickie Lazzerini, All Rights Reserved
This page may be freely linked to but may not be reproduced
in any form without prior written consent from the author.


The Swedes and the Swedish Settlements in North America
Amazon.com

GenLine: Swedish-English Dictionary & Abbreviations
GenLine.com

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