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German Culture on the Skids:
How World War I Changed German Culture in America

© 2006 Rickie Lazzerini

Bibliography



Historical Review 2.3   

Works Cited

(1) Stephen J. Shaw, The Catholic Parish as a Way-Station of Ethnicity and Americanization: Chicago's Germans and Italians, 1903-1939, (Brooklyn, New York: Carlson Publishing, Inc., 1991), 63.

(2) Shaw, 64.

(3) Chicago Daily Tribune (1872-1963); Feb 20, 1916; 3;

(4) Chicago Daily Tribune (1872-1963); Jul 27, 1916; 15

(5) Roger Biles, Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People, (Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005), 183.

(6) Shaw, 64.

(7) Earl Sperry, German Plots and Intrigues in the United States During the Period of Our Neutrality, Red, White, and Blue Series, (Washington, D.C.: Committee on Public Information, July, 1918), 15.

(8) Sperry, 15.

(9) Biles, 192.

(10) Thomas B. Littlewood, Soldiers Back Home: The American Legion in Illinois, (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2004), 8.

(11) Melvin G. Holli and Peter d'A. Jones, Ethnic Chicago, Revised and Expanded, (Grand Rapids, Wm. B. Eermand's Publishing Company, 1984), 504.

(12)Shaw, 63.

(13) Holli and Jones, 508.

(14) Shaw, 97.

(15) Holli and Jones, 508.

(16) Sperry, 11.

(17) Biles, 195.

(18) Carl Wittke, Ph.D., German-Americans and the World War (With a Special Emphasis on Ohio's German Language Press), (Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society, 1936), 177.

(19) Biles, 195.

(20) "German Enemy of U.S. Hanged By Mob," The St. Louis Globe-Democrat, April 5, 1918.

(21) Stu Fliege, Tales and Trails of Illinois. (Urbana and Chicago: The University of Illinois Press, 2002), 178.

(22) Fliege, 179.



Bibliography


     Biles, Roger, Illinois: A History of the Land and Its People, Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.

     Capozzola, Christopher, "The Only Badge Needed is Your Patriotic Fervor: Vigilance, Coercion, and the Law in World War I America," The Journal of American History, Volume 8, Issue 4.

     Fliege, Stu, Tales and Trails of Illinois. Urbana and Chicago: The University of Illinois Press, 2002.

     Holli, Melvin G., and d.A. Jones, Peter, Ethnic Chicago, Revised and Expanded, Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdman's Publishing Company, 1984.

     Littlewood, Thomas B., Soldiers Back Home: The American Legion in Illinois, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2004.

     Jones, John Price, The German Spy in America: The Secret Plotting of German Spies in the United States and the Inside Story of the Sinking of the Lusitania, London: Hutchinson & Company, 1917.

     Shaw, Stephen J., The Catholic Parish as a Way-Station of Ethnicity and Americanization: Chicago's Germans and Italians, 1903-1939, Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, Inc., 1991.

     Sperry, Earl, German Plots and Intrigues in the United States During the Period of Our Neutrality, Red, White, and Blue Series, Washington D.C.: The Committee on Public Information, 1918.

     Wilson, Woodrow, War, Labor, and Peace, Some Recent Addresses and Writings of President Wilson, Red, White, and Blue Series, Washington D.C.: The Committee on Public Information, 1918.

     Wittke, Carl, German-Americans and the World War, (With Speical Emphasis on Ohio's German Language Press), Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society, 1936.


By Rickie Lazzerini
Historian

BA History
University of California, Santa Barbara

Index of Historical Reviews

2006 Rickie Lazzerini, All Rights Reserved
This page may be freely linked to but may not be reproduced
in any form without prior written consent from the author.



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